Tulum (“wall” in Mayan language) is undoubtedly an icon of the Mayan culture long before the arrival of the Spaniards, in this place the descendant god was venerated, it is believed that the name Tulum was given to the ancient city of Zama After being abandoned by its inhabitants, remaining in ruins as we know it today, most of these buildings were built in the postclassic period of the Mayan civilization between the 12th century and the 15th century, although inscriptions belonging to the 6th century have been found , which tells us about a city that emerged and was taking relevance for centuries, the mix of Mayan and Aztec architecture is clear, one of the most imposing buildings is El Castillo that was built on the edge of a cliff next to the sea and in which we find references to the Sun and Venus one of the main stars for the Mayans.
Tulum was a city of great importance for the area, since it was an obligatory stop along the trade routes from the beaches of the Maya empire now Quintana Roo to the great Tenochtitlán, the current city of Mexico.
Formed at the end of the tenth century among the most important lordships (sacerdotal houses), the Mayapán League was made up of Itzáes de Chichén-itzá, Tutul xiúes de Uxmal, Cocomes de Mayapán and other manors such as Itzamal, Zamá (Tulum) and Ichpaatun, where the power was exercised by the Itzáes of Chichén-itzá until the Cocomes declared war on them, displacing them towards the Petén Guatemalteco at the end of the 12th century. Later, hostilities continued between the Tutul Xiúes and the Cocomes, who through alliances managed to retain control until the 14th century when Ah Xupan Liu of the Tutul Xiúes supported by some Itzaes who remained in the area managed to destroy the ruling family, leaving only one son of the family that was not in the place during the massacre and that later would return to found the city of Tibolón in Sotuta, as a result of these events the Mayan town was fragmented due to the struggles between the heirs who claimed their old lineages, This situation was capitalized by Francisco de Montejo to conquer the Yucatan peninsula towards the 16th century.
You will always find an intimate and unique place in Tulum that we know you will do, if you like nature, exclusivity, history and the sea, we have the perfect paradise for you.
In addition to its spectacular ruins and archaeological sites, Tulum is also nature, tradition, calm and magic. Playa Paraíso, cataloged as one of the most beautiful in the Riviera Maya, is at the foot of the cliff where El Castillo is located, on this beach you can go to the reef in the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef one of the most enigmatic and fascinating underwater scenarios of the Caribbean, here you can find all kinds of marine life, corals, multicolored fish, molluscs, starfish among many other species.
Another place not to be missed in this now municipality of Tulum, is the Sian Ka’an Biosphere Reserve (Puerta del cielo en Maya), a cultural heritage of humanity since 1987, with its impressive half million hectares, in this area the predominant limestone, which hinders the formation of bodies of surface water, favoring the outcrop of wells called Cenotes, off the coast of this natural reserve is the second largest coral barrier in the world only revasada by the great barrier to the east of the Australian coast.