The city of Coba was one of the main settlements of the peninsula of Yucatan and the Peten of Guatemala, its name in Mayan means abundant water, this because the city was in the middle of diverse lakes, same that supplied the vital liquid to its inhabitants, this place was already inhabited before 300 BC, but its development and social, political and demographic growth was not until the fifth century AD, in its heyday its population came to have more than 50,000 inhabitants in a territorial extension 85 km. square, all this in the classic period of Mayan culture, Coba is 50 km from Tulum and 90 km from Chichen-Itza.
One of the main temples that Cobá conserves to this day is the Nohoch-Mul pyramid that has an impressive 42 meters high, the highest structure of the Yucatan peninsula and an unmistakable sign of its importance in the area, others of the main buildings is the observatory, Xaibé in Mayan language, has four levels that represent the seasons of the year, while its central staircase has 20 steps that represent the 20 days of the month in the Mayan calendar.
Nohoch-Mul that translated into Spanish means big mound, is the name of this sacred temple for the Mayans and to which it is still possible to climb on foot to its upper platform, from which we can observe the roughness of the Mayan riviera, another important pyramid for this complex is the so-called Church, name that receives thanks to the pilgrimages of nearby communities that come here to leave their offerings, in addition to the pyramids you will find various murals corresponding to the last periods of the Mayan civilization, one more attraction are the steles engraved in stone and that among their inscriptions archaeologists have interpreted data such as the date of 2012 as the year in which a new era began and the long count of the Mayan calendar ended. The cenotes and lakes that are in the surroundings of this emblematic Mayan location will be the delight of nature lovers, since thanks to the INAH (national institute of anthropology and history) most of these territories are protected.
“Every moon, every year, every day, every wind walks and passes, and also all blood reaches the place of its stillness, as it reaches its power and its throne.”
All the roads lead to Rome, the old saying goes, and both in Rome and in the ancient Mayan towns, the roads were life and progress, they were war and domination, because thanks to the communication that these roads gave to their communities, they were used both for peace and commerce, for war and destruction. In antiquity the Mayans tended ways from their important cities towards the different communities of their territory and to the coast to transport by sea their merchandise, to these ways they are called in Mayan language Sak Bé and translated to Spanish means Camino Blanco, this due to They were built with limestone and covered with a white powder to give them a finish of that color. During its golden age the city of Cobá dominated an extensive territory and became independent of the Guatemalan Petén cultures, and centuries later those roads that it built for its commerce and the dominion of the area would be its destruction before the peoples coming from Chichen-itza and northern Yucatan, influenced by the ruling castes in the center of the country such as the Aztecs and the Teotihuacan peoples, culturally and politically more advanced, crush the traditional Mayan peoples by imposing their culture and politics on the Peninsula.