The city of Chichén-itzá (Chichén “mouth of the well” Itzá “of the Itzáes” Mayan people who inhabited these lands) founded around the 6th century BC. It was the most important Mayan city cultural, political and religious north of the yucatan peninsula in Mexico, very close to where the meteorite that would end the dinosaurs millennia ago.
In the 9th century AD. After the invasion of Los Toltecas mostly warrior town, in Chichén-itzá many of its cultural and religious aspects were melted, one of the most representative was the veneration to the serpent god “Kukulcán” that gave name to the now famous pyramid and new wonder of the world. The city of approximately 30 square kilometers was divided into the ceremonial and political center of about 8 square kilometers surrounded by finely decorated palaces and painted with bright colors where the royal caste lived, the total population was around 100,000 inhabitants, very close to the century XIV the city was totally abandoned without a specific reason, only II centuries before the arrival of the Spaniards to the new world.
The main structure of the complex is El Castillo or Pyramid of the god Kukulkán “The feathered serpent”, with a base of 60 meters per side rises to a height of 24 meters, thus reaching the terrace that supports the temple that raises its walls eight meters plus. Each front of the pyramid has a staircase with 91 steps, which on its four sides plus the upper platform add 365, the same number of days as our current calendar. At the end of the staircase are two immense serpent heads that during the spring (March 21) and fall (September 22) equinoxes, the effect of the shadows of the staircase and the brightness of the sunlight show us the spectacular descent of the god Kukulcán to the earth.
In 1930, the existence of an internal pyramid was verified, which kept an impressive statue of Chac Mool the god of the water and the rain created in stone with fine incrustations of bone which kept a sculpture of a jaguar carved in a single piece of stone painted blood red with open jaws and jade eyes.
This pyramid as well as the other surrounding structures tells us about the great capacity of the Maya on mathematics, astronomy, geometry and acoustics.
Thousands of people attend this magical moment during the spring and fall equinoxes, when Kukulcan the feathered serpent god descends the stairway. Chichén-Itzá is one of the places that should be visited at least once in a lifetime.
Entering the city of Chichen Itza is like traveling through time and discovering this dreamlike place between culture and astronomy, between deities and nature, architecture and mathematics, is to travel centuries ago between inconceivable monuments, the Game of Ball, the Sacred Cenote, the god Chaac, the House of the Nuns, the Feathered Serpent, but it is also to travel to the stars from the snail, the name given by the Spaniards to this exact and majestic Mayan observatory, to know the cycles of Venus , the Tzolkin or sacred calendar, the Haab or solar cycle, the long count of 5200 years or the count of the lords of the night of 9 days, we will find between astronomical cycles and mathematical observations, between powerful deities and enigmatic myths, between the culture and time, between life and death, this is Chichén-Itzá, this is Mexico and this is yours.